By Elizabeth Endicott
An illustrated historical past of the pastoral nomadic lifestyle in Mongolia, this publication examines the numerous demanding situations that Mongolian herders proceed to stand within the fight over average assets within the post-socialist loose industry period.
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Additional resources for A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to the Present
Chinggis Khan displayed great anger—even at his own sons—when resources obtained from conquest were not properly handed over to 46 A History of Land Use in Mongolia him. 10 This resulted in furious admonitions from the Khan. Thus, we may detect clear parallels in how the Mongols viewed control over pastureland, control over wild game hunting territories, and control over conquered peoples and their economic and cultural assets. The Mongols in China: Concepts of Land Tenure in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries The Mongolian conquest of China spanned three generations of khans, from Chinggis (d.
This is because of the relative diversity of vegetation in the Gobi. The various types of pasture necessary for herd animals recur with regularity in each valley or depression and in the surrounding heights. Thus, there is no great advantage to undertaking long nomadic migrations. In this feature, Simukov points out, the Gobi type of nomadic migration somewhat resembles the Khangai type. Of course, in case of drought, very long-distance and even chaotic migrations may occur. In summer, Gobi nomadic encampments are usually in open, flat areas.
The Soviet-era theory of “nomadic feudalism,” first developed by B. Ia. Vladimirtsov in his 1934 work Social Structure of the Mongols: Mongolian Nomadic Feudalism (Obshchestvennyi stroi mongolov: mongol’skii kochevoi feodalizm), was based on the core notion of nomadic land ownership, a notion unsupported by the sources. The Secret History also has several passages relating to hunting practices, and some of these passages can offer insight into how control over territory was conceptualized in the era of Chinggis Khan and his sons.