Download A History of the European Economy, 1000-2000 by Francois Crouzet PDF

By Francois Crouzet

Книга A historical past of the ecu economic system, 1000-2000 A background of the eu financial system, 1000-2000Книги Экономика Автор: Francois Crouzet Год издания: 2001 Формат: pdf Издат.:University of Virginia Press Страниц: 329 Размер: 2,4 ISBN: 0813920256 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Considering Europe as an entire instead of as a mosaic of person states, François Crouzet offers right here an obtainable, enticing heritage of the ecu economic climate throughout the moment millennium. Stressing the typical monetary associations shared over the years by way of the several areas of Europe and the networks of relatives that experience associated them, Crouzet examines pan- ecu alterations and integration instead of purely the actual stories of person nations. A heritage of the ecu economic system, 1000-2000 is going past addressing the historic ramifications of exchange within the eu economic system to surround difficulties resembling the diffusion of expertise, the migration of capital and exertions, diasporas and minorities, and nationwide variety. via stressing the old origins of the force towards eu integration and its development the entire method to the beginning of the euro, Crouzet promises an unique and complete review of eu fiscal historical past.

Show description

Read or Download A History of the European Economy, 1000-2000 PDF

Best economic conditions books

Contours of the World Economy 1-2030 AD: Essays in Macro-Economic History

An invaluable set of essays from the prestigious monetary historian Angus Maddison. the simplest elements of this booklet are the varied info tables and charts studying a variety of features of monetary background. incorporated are essays at the demography and financial system of the Roman empire, the revival of the Western ecu economic climate within the age of mercantile capitalism, the results of increasing alternate with Europe on Asia, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere, an evaluation of the assets of the commercial revolution, an essay on pioneers in demography and accounting for nationwide monetary task, and a few projections for the longer term.

The Return of Cosmopolitan Capital: Globalization, the State and War

Nigel Harris argues that the idea of nationwide capital is turning into redundant as towns and their voters, more and more unaffected by means of borders and nationwide limitations, take heart level within the monetary global. Harris deconstructs this phenomenon and argues for the sizeable merits it may and may have, not only for western wealth, yet for economies around the globe, for foreign conversation and for international democracy.

The Two Trillion Dollar Meltdown: Easy Money, High Rollers, and the Great Credit Crash (Revised Edition)

Formerly released because the Trillion buck MeltdownNow absolutely up-to-date with the most recent monetary advancements, this can be the bestselling publication that in short and brilliantly explains how we bought into the industrial mess that's the credits Crunch. With the housing markets unravelling day-by-day and misery indications flying during the remainder of the financial system, there's no doubt that we face a fierce recession.

The End of the Experiment? From Competition to the Foundational Economy

This e-book describes the failure of a 30 12 months previous coverage scan with pageant and markets and proposes a brand new scan in social licensing of foundational actions. The repeated failure of that previous test in subjecting the fundamentals of daily life to pageant is conclusively confirmed through targeted case experiences of 3 sectors - broadband, foodstuff offer and retail banking - the place deepest quarter enterprise versions understand element worth for companies on the cost of underinvestment, broken offer chains and gouged buyers.

Additional resources for A History of the European Economy, 1000-2000

Sample text

By 1200, plowing with horses was widespread in northern France, in the Low Countries, and in southern England. Meanwhile, the harnessing of oxen also improved, as their yoke was put on their horns and then on their forehead instead of their withers; because several pairs of them could be harnessed in file, they were often preferred to work heavy soils. Another innovation of Carolingian times (it was used in the ninth century on large estates in fertile areas of northern France) was the threefield rotation: a field was cultivated for two consecutive years (with one sowing in the fall, the next one in the spring) and then left fallow during the third, whereas formerly it had been left fallow every other year.

Indeed, from the late eleventh century, commercial expansion by Europeans went hand in hand with their military counteroffensive against Islam, especially the Crusades (and the reconquest of Sicily and Crete), which changed the political and economic balance of power to the advantage of Christians, so that Italian cities and merchants took over the longdistance Mediterranean trade. , Christians). Moreover, the Crusades stimulated shipbuilding—to transport crusaders and pilgrims—and the making of weapons, to the benefit mainly of Italian cities.

By that time the three-field rotation was practiced in regions from England to Poland, but not everywhere. The hilly regions of Atlantic and central Europe, which were unsuited to open fields, had small and enclosed fields cultivated with light plows, pulled by a single animal, on a two-field rotation. In southern Europe, because of its dry climate, spring-sown cereals could not grow and ripen before the summer’s drought; with some exceptions, it had to keep to the old and less-productive two-field rotation.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.30 of 5 – based on 5 votes