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By Nicholas Capaldi

During this booklet, wonderful philosophers debate probably the most arguable public coverage problems with the overdue twentieth century. each one starts by means of creating a case for or opposed to affirmative motion, laying out the key arguments on either side. every one writer then responds to the other's essay. Written in an enticing, available variety, Affirmative motion is a superb textual content for junior point philosophy, political thought, public coverage, and African-American reviews classes in addition to a advisor for execs navigating this significant debate.

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Affirmative Action

During this publication, individual philosophers debate probably the most arguable public coverage problems with the overdue twentieth century. every one starts by means of creating a case for or opposed to affirmative motion, laying out the key arguments on either side. every one writer then responds to the other's essay. Written in an attractive, available sort, Affirmative motion is a wonderful textual content for junior point philosophy, political idea, public coverage, and African-American reviews classes in addition to a consultant for execs navigating this crucial debate.

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According to the 1978 Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures (for compliance with Revised Order No. 13 Thus, as in Griggs v. Duke Power Co. (1971), requiring a high school diploma or passing score on an intelligence test for jobs that could be performed without need of such would disproportinately affect Blacks and other groups who historically had been denied equal educational benefits. Such "color-blind" qualifications would also exclude many Whites from jobs for which they would otherwise qualify.

O'Connor admitted that government had a compelling interest in preventing the use of government funds to support and perpetuate private discrimination. But, she held for the majority, there was no demonstration that lack of Black participation in city construction work was the specific effect of racial discrimination. 42 In his dissent from the majority, Justice Marshall argued that the city had a compelling interest in intervening so as not to allow the effects of past discrimination to continue into the present and future, both in terms of the costs to the Black community and the benefits channeled to the White community.

In deciding for the defendant (United Steelworkers), the Court held that the purpose of Title VII was to bring Blacks into the mainstream by opening employment opportunities in areas traditionally closed to them because of societal discrimination, and that this purpose could legitimately require using race-conscious policies. If Congress had wished to exclude such means, it could easily have worded 703j to read that Title VII would not "require or permit" preferential treatment, instead of merely stating that Title VII did not "require" preferential treatment.

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