By Saint Basil of Caesarea
Basil of Caesarea is taken into account one of many architects of the Pro-Nicene Trinitarian doctrine followed on the Council of Constantinople in 381, which japanese and western Christians to today profess as "orthodox." Nowhere is his Trinitarian theology extra truly expressed than in his first significant doctrinal paintings, opposed to Eunomius, accomplished in 364 or 365 CE. Responding to Eunomius, whose Apology gave renewed impetus to a practice of starkly subordinationist Trinitarian theology that might live to tell the tale for many years, Basil's opposed to Eunomius displays the serious controversy raging at the moment between Christians around the Mediterranean global over who God is. during this treatise, Basil makes an attempt to articulate a theology either one of God's unitary essence and of the specified good points that signify the daddy, Son, and Holy Spirit--a contrast that a few hail because the cornerstone of "Cappadocian" theology. In opposed to Eunomius, we see the conflict no longer easily of 2 dogmatic positions at the doctrine of the Trinity, yet of 2 essentially adverse theological tools. Basil's treatise is as a lot approximately how theology should be performed and what people can and can't find out about God because it is ready the exposition of Trinitarian doctrine. hence opposed to Eunomius marks a turning aspect within the Trinitarian debates of the fourth century, for the 1st time addressing the methodological and epistemological ameliorations that gave upward push to theological changes. Amidst the polemical vitriol of opposed to Eunomius is a choice to epistemological humility at the a part of the theologian, a choice to acknowledge the restrictions of even the easiest theology. whereas Basil sophisticated his theology throughout the process his occupation, opposed to Eunomius is still a testomony to his early theological improvement and a privileged window into the Trinitarian controversies of the mid-fourth century.
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Extra info for Against Eunomius (Fathers of the Church)
Aetius's and Eunomius's worry is that using this kind of reflection in theology will necessarily yield fictions along the lines of the hippo centaur. They propose instead that we conform all our thinking about God to God's real, essential attribute, which for them is unbegottenness. ' It is not in scripture, and so it is better to stick with terms like 'Father' and 'Son,' which have biblical pedigree and connote a mutual relation. 177 Moreover, if this is the definition of 'God,' then obviously the only-begotten Son is not God, at least not in the same way the Unbegotten is.
Examples from Book 1: Eun. 18. 220. Eun. 12 (Paul); Eun. 15; Hom. 1 Uohn). . · ck "Basil of Caesarea" 98-101 provides insuffiClent eVldence for ' . d h 221. he illapse of the Spmt does not displace their individuality and mdependence (100). 222. See Eun. 8. 223· See Eun. 8. " 224- See Eun. 2. 225. sarea, 12 7-28 . 226. Peter W. Martens, "Interpreting Attentively: The Ascetlc. C~aracter of octava Biblical Exegesis according to Origen and Basl'\ 0 f Caesarea, " Oriuemana I:> 21 11 (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2003), 2.
7; Hex. l. 218. See Hex. 11; Hom. 8. 57 ~ I 21g. Examples from Book 1: Eun. 18. 220. Eun. 12 (Paul); Eun. 15; Hom. 1 Uohn). . · ck "Basil of Caesarea" 98-101 provides insuffiClent eVldence for ' . d h 221. he illapse of the Spmt does not displace their individuality and mdependence (100). 222. See Eun. 8. 223· See Eun. 8. " 224- See Eun. 2. 225. sarea, 12 7-28 . 226. Peter W. Martens, "Interpreting Attentively: The Ascetlc. C~aracter of octava Biblical Exegesis according to Origen and Basl'\ 0 f Caesarea, " Oriuemana I:> 21 11 (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2003), 2.