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By Charles Redman, David R. Foster

Agrarian Landscapes in Transition researches human interplay with the earth. With hundreds of thousands of acres of agricultural land going out of construction each day, the advent, unfold, and abandonment of agriculture represents the main pervasive alteration of the Earth's surroundings for numerous thousand years. What occurs whilst people impose their spatial and temporal signatures on ecological regimes, and the way does this manipulation impact the earth and nature's wish for equilibrium?Studies have been carried out at six long-term Ecological examine websites in the US, together with New England, the Appalachian Mountains, Colorado, Michigan, Kansas, and Arizona. whereas every one website has its personal specific agricultural historical past, styles emerge that help in making experience of ways our activities have affected the earth, and the way the earth pushes again. The booklet addresses how human actions impact the spatial and temporal constructions of agrarian landscapes, and the way this varies through the years and throughout biogeographic areas. It additionally appears on the ecological and environmental effects of the ensuing structural alterations, the human responses to those adjustments, and the way those responses force additional adjustments in agrarian landscapes.The time frames studied comprise the ecology of the earth prior to human interplay, pre-European human interplay through the upward push and fall of agricultural land use, and at last the organic and cultural reaction to the abandonment of farming, because of entire abandonment or a land-use swap equivalent to urbanization.

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Additional resources for Agrarian Landscapes in Transition: Comparisons of Long-Term Ecological & Cultural Change (Long-Term Ecological Research Network)

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In 1940, counties in southern New England were already experiencing a historical forerunner of exurban growth, as former urban dwellers took advantage of commuting trains and automobiles to relocate to the increasingly postagrarian landscapes of Connecticut and Massachusetts. By 1970, the more familiar postwar exodus from rural life is visible across the country, as population losses were common across all study areas. In eastern Kansas, the losses were already visible in 1940 and became generalized across all study areas in the three decades preceding the 1970 census.

After European colonization began, however, the transformation of landscapes became more extensive and stages of development briefer. In New England, more than 150 years separated the maximum extent of farmland from the time of initial settlement. In southern Appalachia, farmland peaked 80 years after European Americans moved into former Cherokee homelands. In southwestern Michigan, it took half a century for settlers to identify the maximum extent of agricultural land. In eastern Kansas, the timescale was shortened to two generations.

2002. Land change science and tropical deforestation: The final frontier in southern Yucatan. New York: Oxford University Press. USDA Policy Advisory Committee on Farm and Forest Land Protection and Land Use. 2001. Maintaining farm and forest lands in rapidly growing areas. Report to the Secretary of Agriculture. S. Department of Agriculture. Vitousek, P. , P. R. Ehrlich, A. H. Ehrlich, and P. A. Matson. 1986. ” BioScience 36(6): 368–373. Vitousek, P. , H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, and J. M. Melillo.

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