By Hans Ruthenberg
In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for financial learn) verified an "African stories Centre" with the help of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior study into the commercial and political difficulties of constructing international locations, with spe cial connection with the African countries. by way of investigations into thestructure and clients of improvement within the constructing nations, the stories Centre will objective at contributing in the direction of the construction of a real basis, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's enhance ment coverage could be performed successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and monetary sciences are faced with manifold initiatives. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will turn out useful or even crucial, if unsuitable and slender decisions are to be kept away from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in several branches of analysis will make attainable a greater und er status of the complicated sensible courting which verify financial occasions and their mutations outdoors Western business society than may be ordinarily completed by way of an remoted strategy. clever total financial making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an exact wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this element the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his means generally styles of development. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).
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Should the bride be barren or behave badly, the husband ean send her baek to her father and demand the return of his eattle. These soeial eustoms neeessarily lead to the hoarding of eattle. A man must be in a position to part with a suffieient number of cattle at the time that his sons marry, or when the bridegroom has reason to demand his cattle back. I t is true, money could serve the same purpose. Occasionally the equivalent amount of money is paid instead of eattle, but as a rule money is too abstract a symbol of wealth.
2 Number of farms Size of family . Livestock units per farm. Land use per farm Total area cultivated, acres Thereof coffee . banana beans . maize . other crops Mixed cropping of coffee and banana occurs on . 2 845 Yields Coffee, IbsJtree. . Coffee, IbsJfarm . Banana bunches per farm thereof sold . . . 6 2 430 309 124 Economic balance sheet, shsJfarm Receipts coffee . . banana . other crops Horne consumption . 2 1,880 457 Farm income. . . . Wages for non-family labour Non-agricultural income 6 1,323 325 465 Family income 7 1,463 .
Hence, the only way for agriculture to develop is to concentrate efforts on the peasant sec tor. 2. Peasant Farming Commercial peasant production originated in the work of the missions. The planting of cotton in the Lake Region (Ukerewe) and of coffee around Mt. Kilimanjaro was started by Catholic missionaries. During the last decade of the German administration, pe asant production was systematically furthered and supported by extensive investments in research. Under British administration, and especially in the years 19501960, it made rapid progress.