By Philomen Probert
The accessory of many Greek phrases has lengthy been thought of arbitrary, yet Philomen Probert issues to a few awesome correlations among accentuation and a word's synchronic morphological transparency, and among accentuation and observe frequency, that supply clues to the prehistory of the accessory method. Bringing jointly comparative proof for the Indo-European accentuation of the correct different types with contemporary insights into the consequences that lack of transparency and notice frequency have on language swap, Probert makes use of the synchronically observable correlations to bridge the distance among the accentuation styles reconstructable for Indo-European and people at once attested for Greek from the Hellenistic interval onwards.
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Additional info for Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory (Oxford Classical Monographs)
Faw-ai ‘few’: see Chantraine (1968–80: 865); Risch (1974: 70). R. Here I have preferred, where possible, to cite a form from a language of which I have at least some knowledge (while keeping in mind, I hope, proverbs about a little knowledge) than to cite one from a language of which, regrettably, I have none. This preference explains why I do not cite forms from, for example, Old Irish, Albanian, Armenian, or Old Church Slavonic more often than absolutely necessary. The etymologies given do not pretend to any originality.
Fragments preserved in the Byzantine etymologica are now accessible in Schironi’s edition with commentary (2004). 23 Numerous examples are mentioned by Ribbach (1883: 16–34), along with some disagreements and ambiguous cases. 24 The closing words of the scholion Sch. Il. 4. 235a1 (A) rather strikingly express respect for Aristarchus’ opinion as a working principle. After a discussion of the correct accentuation and interpretation of łåıäåóóØ at Il. 4. e. dat. pl. e. dat. pl. of łåFäïò), in which Aristarchus’ opinion (łåıäÝóóØ) is found to have less to recommend it than that of the later25 grammarian Hermappias (łåýäåóóØ), there follows the comment: ŒÆd ìAººïí ðhåiØóôÝïí26 `æØóôÜæ÷ﬁø j ôﬁH ¯æìÆððßﬁ Æ; åN ŒÆd äïŒåE IºçŁåýåØí.
These fragments were published by Hunger (1967). In addition, P. Ant. ii. 20 Herodian relied very heavily on earlier grammarians trained in the Alexandrian tradition. ), of Aristarchus. Direct pupils adduced include Dionysius Thrax, Demetrius Ixion, and Apollodorus. The grammarians who are most often adduced, other than Aristarchus himself, lived somewhat nearer to Herodian’s own time: Tyrannio (early Wrst century bc), Trypho (late Wrst century bc), Ptolemy of Ascalon (early Wrst century ad), and Pamphilus (second half of the Wrst century ad).