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By Christina Wilsdon

Bugs that appear like leaves, snakes that play lifeless, fish that fly, and toads with toxic pores and skin - those animals are among the creatures that safeguard themselves in attention-grabbing methods. virtually each animal is hunted as meals through another type of animal and has built how you can shield itself opposed to predators. "Animal Defenses" offers the wide range of actual and behavioral diversifications utilized by animals of their fight to outlive and indicates how scientists proceed to make new discoveries concerning the age-old maneuvering among predator and prey.

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All the while, glands under the pangolin’s tail produce a bad-smelling fluid. 52 AnimAl deFenses Animal armor also includes the bony scales of fish. Fish scales overlap to form a flexible but strong covering. The squared-off bodies of boxfish have scales that link together to make a boxy suit of armor. A boxfish’s tail, fins, eyes, and mouth stick out of the box. Sharks have skin covered with tiny, sharp teeth called “skin teeth” or dermal denticles. The denticles make the skin as rough as sandpaper.

First, the gazelle has seen the predator, so the predator has lost its chance to launch a surprise attack. second, the gazelle is strong and healthy, so it would be a waste of time to chase it. this kind of warning is called pursuit deterrence. pursuit deterrence is different from aposematism, the use of warning colors or other signals to keep predators away. A gazelle that uses pursuit deterrence tells a predator that it is a strong, healthy individual at that particular moment. it does not mean that the predator should give up hunting gazelles altogether.

They may irritate the skin as well as the senses. They also may be poisonous. Some can sicken a predator, or even kill it. Chemical defenses are secret weapons, in one way, because they are contained inside the animals. But many animals do not try to keep them secret. These animals often are brightly colored, which helps warn predators that they are armed and dangerous. They may also behave in ways that announce their intention to use chemical defenses if pushed. A chemical defense may be a primary defense: a defense that exists all the time, even when the animal is not in any danger.

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