Download Armenia A Country Study by Federal Research Division PDF

By Federal Research Division

Within the final a long time of the 19th century, the Armenians' tendency towards Europeanization antagonized Turkish officers and inspired their view that Armenians have been a overseas, subversive point within the sultan's realm. through 1890 the fast progress of the Kurdish inhabitants in Anatolia, mixed with the immigration of Muslims from the Balkans and the Caucasus, had made the Armenian inhabitants of Anatolia an more and more endangered minority. In 1895 Ottoman suspicion of the westernized Armenian inhabitants resulted in the bloodbath of 300,000 Armenians through designated order of the Ottoman executive.

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The failure of the CSCE peace plan, which Azerbaijan supported, had caused that country to mount an all-out, human- wave offensive in December 1993 and January 1994, which initially pushed back Armenian defensive lines in Karabakh and regained some lost territory. When the offensive stalled in February, Russia's minister of defense, Pavel Grachev, negotiated a cease- fire, which enabled Russia to supplant the CSCE as the primary peace negotiator. Intensive Russian-sponsored talks continued through the spring, although Azerbaijan mounted air strikes on Karabakh as late as April.

Thanks also go to Ralph K. Benesch, who oversees the Country Studies/Area Handbook Program for the Department of the Army. In addition, the authors appreciate the advice and guidance of Sandra W. Meditz, Federal Research Division coordinator of the handbook series. Special thanks go to Marilyn L. Majeska, who supervised editing; Andrea T. Merrill, who managed production; David P. Cabitto, who designed the book cover and the illustrations on the title page of each chapter, provided graphics support, and, together with Thomas D.

Armenian Empire reaches greatest size and influence under Tigran the Great. C. Romans complete conquest of Caucasus Mountains region, including Georgian kingdom of Kartli-Iberia. C. Romans conquer Armenian Empire. D. 100-300 Romans annex Azerbaijan and name it Albania. ca. 310 Tiridates III accepts Christianity for the Armenian people. 330 King Marian III of Kartli-Iberia accepts Christianity for the Georgian people. FIFTH-SEVENTH CENTURIES First golden age of Armenian culture. ca. 600 Four centuries of Arab control of Azerbaijan begin, introducing Islam in seventh century.

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