Download Biosecurity: Origins, Transformations and Practices by Katsuhisa Furukawa, James Revill, Malcolm Dando, Koos van PDF

By Katsuhisa Furukawa, James Revill, Malcolm Dando, Koos van der Bruggen, David B. Sawaya, Benjamin Rusek, Flippa Lentzos, Jonathan B. Tucker, Brian Rappert, Chandr Gould

This e-book explores the origins, interpretations and meanings of the time period biosecurity. It brings jointly members on concerns when it comes to the perceptions of the specter of organic guns and the way states are responding, or now not, to the demanding situations posed by way of the opportunity of the goods of the lifestyles sciences for use for damaging purposes.

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Extra info for Biosecurity: Origins, Transformations and Practices

Example text

Rather in examining the many ways in which biosecurity is advanced and contested, we hope to aid readers in thinking about how to approach its meaning and place. php 2 This contrasting way of thinking is paralleled elsewhere. The later sections of this chapter detail how biosecurity has been identified with threats in the US. US Alliance for Biosecurity, for instance, is a collaboration among more than a dozen pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies who promote medical responses to deliberately initiated disease outbreaks.

One of the consequences of this is that ‘the boundaries of private insurability dissolve, since such insurance is based on the fundamental potential for compensation of damages and on the possibility of estimating their probability by means of quantitative risk calculation’ (2002: 41). 7 ‘The speeding up of modernisation’, Beck says, ‘has produced a gulf between the world of quantifiable risk in which we think and act, and the world of non-quantifiable insecurities that we are creating’ (2002: 40).

Yet, the dream of an ever more complete reduction of risk, of the belief in science, probability and statistics to objectify and measure, to calculate and prevent, has been challenged by developments in the latter half of the twentieth century. The challenge of uncontrollable risks Ulrich Beck argues that the latter half of the twentieth century saw the introduction of a new kind of risk, one that cannot be managed through technical decision-making. Environmental and health hazards like global warming, mad cow disease and genetically modified food, ecological catastrophes such as Bophal and Chernobyl, global financial crises, and mass-casualty terrorist attacks constitute ‘unnatural, human-made, manufactured uncertainties and hazards beyond boundaries’ (2002: 41).

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