Download Black Middle Class Delinquents by Connie R. Hassett-walker PDF

By Connie R. Hassett-walker

So much felony justice examine on African american citizens specializes in negative Blacks dwelling in bad Black groups. Hassett-Walker expands this concentration to center classification blacks and empirically exams an statement from Pattillo-McCoy (1999)'s Black wooden Fences i.e., that little distinction in delinquency exists among bad as opposed to heart classification Black adolescence utilizing nationwide chance samples. autonomous variables integrated classification prestige, parent-child interplay, and local poverty. Parenting habit and marital disruption have been either predictive of delinquency. Having antisocial friends expected destiny arrest, suggesting aid for differential organization idea. Implications for destiny examine, felony justice coursework, and executive investment are mentioned.

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Some evidence suggests that growing up in an intact home with parents in conflict can similarly result in negative outcomes for the children. For example, Nye (1957) established that a child’s view of his/her parents’ marital stability was a significant predictor of delinquency. Hershorn and Rosenbaum (1985) found that children who witness parental discord or violence later manifest behavior problems and emotional disturbance. Howes and Markman (1989: 1049) theorize that after an angry marital discussion, parents may perceive a child's behavior more negatively than it actually is during a subsequent parent-child 44 Black Middle Class Delinquents interaction.

The working class boy thus gravitates toward a group of like-situated youth who are more accepting of him. Cohen (1955) distinguishes between “corner boy” versus delinquent subculture, with delinquents being more likely to violate middle class norms, including good manners, and the control of aggression and violence. , trouble, toughness, smartness, autonomy). While legal means to attaining the same goal may be available to the lower class person, the illicit avenue typically gets him to his objective more quickly and with less effort – echoing strain theory.

In particular, young adults who had been victimized (“victimization strain”) were more likely to offend via violent and property crimes (Ostrowsky and Messner, 2005: 473). Subcultural Theories Subcultural theories hold that people of lower socioeconomic status have distinct cultural characteristics that facilitate or require criminal behavior (Tittle, 1983). Theoretical Framework 29 Similar to strain theory, Cohen (1955) held that delinquency was caused by the inability to achieve one’s goals, although Cohen defined the goals more broadly than did Merton (1938).

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