By Stuart Carroll
French manners and civility have been the version for ecu civilization, whereas feud is linked to backward societies. but in France millions of guys died in duels during which the meant ideas of honour have been on a regular basis flouted. during this particular and unique publication Stuart Carroll explores the character of vengeance and divulges the darkish facet of Renaissance civilization.
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Extra resources for Blood and Violence in Early Modern France
1556. ³⁹ AN JJ 241 fo. 379, Jan. 1529; X2b 1215, 6 June 1641. ⁴¹ AN JJ 261 fo. 313v, Oct. 1551. ⁴³ AN X2b 1212, 10 July 1640. Blood and Earth 39 those of high social status might be threatened by building work that could be construed as a direct challenge to established rights and prerogatives. An upwardly mobile man such as Hector Rousseau, king’s procurator in Guyenne, displayed his wealth and links to the Parisian magisterial elite in the improvements he made to his lands in Poitou, including the sinking of two expensive ponds.
This chapter looks at kinship, land, and inheritance. FAMILY: MARRIAGE, INHERITANCE, AND SUCCESSION In the small world of the rural nobility families living in close proximity were more likely than not to be related by blood or by ties of fictive kinship, such as god-parentage. Some historians and anthropologists argue that proximity of kinship lessens the potential for violence. In 1603 Pierre de Brantôme calculated that he had 183 consanguineous kinsfolk and was able to mention seventy-three of their spouses.
94, 5 June 1654. ²¹ AN JJ 263/1 fo. 115v, Mar. 1556. ²² AD Seine-Maritime 1B 3205, 19 Aug. 1586. 34 The Structure of Vindicatory Violence backing of her powerful kinsmen Marie escaped from this affair with a heavy fine and was reinstated in her lands in 1673. This was not the end of Marie’s troubles with her sons. ²³ We do not know how far Marie’s remarriage poisoned the relationship with her eldest son. In a society where widowhood and remarriage were frequent the stereotype of the wicked stepfather or stepmother and of the upstart half-brother contained some measure of truth.