By D. Leonardsen
Criminologists have despaired that modernization and crime are inseparable, yet Japan has lengthy been obvious as an exception to the rule of thumb. during this publication, the writer unearths that whereas it continues to be the case that crime relief could come at a few price to person autonomy, the "West" can examine from Japan to minimize the social damage of an excessive amount of freedom. rather than unending crime prevention courses via "social engineering," coverage makers may possibly pay extra recognition to sociological insights touching on accountability, responsibilities and collective identities.
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Extra info for Japan as a Low-Crime Nation
The police had taken into custody on separate incidents four teenagers. While all of them were found guilty they all escaped charges by apologizing for their actions. The newspaper reported that only if a targeted retailer pressed charges against a vandal would the police make an arrest. This example should make us aware of how easily we might misread a situation if we judge public crime figures at face value. I do not think that graffiti is nearly as big a problem in Japan as in many Western countries.
97). 8 The high degree of procedural discretion in Japan continues in the rest of the justice system. J. Haley (1998) presents the following summary of the criminal procedure: The three most critical institutional features of Japan’s criminal justice system are thus: the authority given to the police not to report minor offences (bizai shobun) in cases where they deem it appropriate (Code of Criminal Procedure, art. 246); the authority of prosecutors to suspend prosecution where warranted by the nature and circumstances of the crime and the offender’s attitude (Code of Criminal Procedure, art.
23). Since then, this pessimistic conclusion has been repeated many times. In a critical article Watts (1996b) defines it as a ‘puzzle’ why criminologists wish to explain something that is not ‘real’ (talking about crime), and declares that the crime rate is nothing but a statistical artefact. To Watts, it makes things even worse if one tries to explain differences between this society and that. Numbers give the impression of exactness, but the empirical reality behind the numbers is very hard to determine, within one country and even more so between countries.